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Have you been using an upper limb prosthesis? – Research participation request

uofmHave you been using an upper limb prosthesis? – Research participation request

If so, we are interested to hear from you about your experiences of this and participate in research from the University of Salford – ‘A Content Analysis of factors associated with embodiment of upper limb prostheses’.

We would like to hear from you if your use of a prosthetic limb is due to either amputation or congenital limb absence as long as you have spent some time using a prosthesis.


Participant Information Sheet

Title of study: A Content Analysis of factors associated with embodiment of upper limb prostheses

Name of Researcher: Andrew Hodrien

Thank you for taking the time to find out more about this research study. To consider if you wish to participate in the research please read the below information detailing why you have been invited, what will be involved, and how the study is being managed. If you wish to find out any further details please contact me on the email address at the bottom.

What is the purpose of this study?

Some prosthesis users report that they experience their prosthetic limb as a part of their body, whilst others do not. The aim of this study is to identify a range of factors which are associated with upper limb prosthesis embodiment (i.e., the feeling that a prosthetic limb is a ‘part of’ the user). Limited previous research has explored prosthesis embodiment and the factors that might influence whether or not a prosthetic limb feels like a part of the body. A further aim of this study is to provide information which will guide a future investigation of the use of computer techniques, such as virtual reality, to influence feelings of embodiment.

Why have I been invited to take part?

We are inviting anyone over the age of 18, who has had the experience of using an upper limb prosthesis.

Do I have to take part?

No, this is a completely voluntary study and it is up to you to decide if you wish to participate once you have read all the information. Take at least 24 hours to consider your involvement. If you do wish to participate you will complete a consent form but anytime during the study you will be able to withdraw (with no given reason) if you later decide you no longer wish to be involved.
It is entirely up to you whether to take part. Taking the time to read all of the information provided about the study will help you come to an informed decision. If you decide to participate, you will be asked to complete and sign a consent form – a copy of which I have attached so you can see what is involved. Remember, however that if at any time during the study you decide you no longer wish to participate, you can withdraw or end your participation without needing to give a reason.

What will happen to me if I take part?

Once you email me to confirm your interest in participating I will email you an electronic consent form to complete and email back to me. Once the interview begins, questions will be emailed to you one by one. It is up to you how much information you would like to include in your responses, and you will be free to decline to answer any of the questions if you wish. I will discuss with you a schedule of time in which to complete the interview over email, but this is flexible depending on your requirements. . Once all the questions have been covered and you are happy to finish the interview, I will send you a sheet with final information about the study and a reminder about how to withdraw your data if you wish to.

Expenses and payments?

The research will be entirely voluntary so you will not be paid for your participation in the study.

What are the possible disadvantages and risks of taking part?

We understand that circumstances around the use of prostheses or issues involved in actual use of a prosthetic limb could be of a sensitive nature so discussing these may be difficult for you. However, the study is designed to minimise this and if any particular question is uncomfortable to discuss you do not need to answer it. If you wish to withdraw from the study, you can do so at any time without giving reason. If you wish to withdraw your data after the study is complete, you can email the researcher and request your data is removed which can be done up to 18/09/2016.

What are the possible benefits of taking part?

We cannot guarantee that you will benefit from taking part in this study, but it is hoped that the knowledge generated will ultimately help to improve how professionals such as prosthetists and medical doctors approach upper limb amputee rehabilitation.

What if there is a problem?

If there is any problem you can raise this with the researcher Andrew Hodrien (contact details at the bottom) or if this is not suitable then contact his main supervisor –

Dr. Adam Galpin. Email: Telephone: 0161 295 7146. Senior Lecturer, School of Health Sciences, L812b Allerton Building, University of Salford, Salford, Manchester, M6 6PU.

Or –

Anish Kurien, Research Centres Manager, Email: Telephone: 0161 295 5276. G.08 Joule House Acton Square, University of Salford, M5 4WT.

If you wish to seek support or further information relevant to your circumstances or experiences then I will provide here the contact details of amputee/prosthesis associations:


Additionally, If through discussing sensitive experiences you feel upset about this you could enquire about counselling services by contacting your GP or your limb centre (if applicable), or contacting the NHS helpline on free telephone number 111 for further advice.

Will my taking part in the study be kept confidential?

Your identity will be kept confidential by conducting interviews through a University password-protected email account and any data transferred to documents will be anonymised. Also you will receive a unique research code which you can provide to me if you wish to remove yourself from the study and then your data linked to this code will be deleted. If one of my supervisors needs to check my analysis of your data they may have access to it but it will be from the anonymised files not my original emails with you (which could naturally contain your name).

What will happen if I don’t carry on with the study?

If you decide not to carry on with the study you can provide your research code and then your data will be deleted without the need to provide a reason for this. This can be done up until 18/09/2016.

What will happen to the results of the research study?

The results will be disseminated through my PhD thesis which this study forms part of, along with publications and/or presentations in academic journal articles and conferences. These outputs will contain a pseudonym so that your identity will remain confidential.

Who is organising or sponsoring the research?

The research is being organised by the Centre for Health Sciences Research, University of Salford, Salford M6 6PU. The research is being conducted as part of a PhD project funded by the University of Salford.